Theodicy is the defense of God's goodness, as well as omnipotence, in light of evil in the world. The first place I would refer anyone struggling with this issue to is the book of JOB. I've studied and preached on this text more than any other. Here is the direct question I was given by a user on instagram "If God is omnipresent and omnipotent as well as a "God of Love" then he would've known what would happen with satan and the fall of man, as well as physical and emotional suffering of said creations. Based on this theology then he either isn't a God of love or he isn't all knowing and all present." This is truly my favorite question, because once you get past the small barricade that is holding you hostage you see that the answer is not that God ISN'T love. It's that God loves SO freakin' much. I'm a father, my daughter is 3 months old - a fresh baby. Now, I know that in her teenage years, statistically speaking, she will smoke pot, drink, have sex, have her heart broken, and be treated like a piece of meat by dumbass teenage boys. Those things more than likely will happen to her. I'm aware of it, I knew it before I had her. So, would it be better to not have had her? Knowing bad things will happen to her? Should I shelter her and never let her date, have friends, or go out? Certainly not, because I would also be shielding her from experiences the beauties of life, love, stress, and setbacks. I am an Open Theist, I do not believe everything is life is predestined and preordained by God to happen. I look at life like a "choose your own adventure book." Where God knows what is going to happen, but He doesn't force it any which way. I have the power to take the left road, down drugs and prison (which I did for 18 years) Or I have the choice to take the road on the right which leads to graduate school, marriage and children (which I now have). God knew I'd take both roads, but He didn't force me either way. Atheists who die atheists, God knows. He has a different road for them, but he LOVES creation so much that He gives them the greatest applicable characteristic of love - Free Will. Love cannot be called love without absolute free will. If my wife wants to leave me, I will be sad, devastated, but I love her and I want her to make her own choices in life - I want her to have complete free will in her life. Now, if you want a calvinist to answer this question, I would see them having a very hard time painting a picture of a loving God in this regard.